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4th Grade Science

[Human Body] [Earth Materials] [Physics of Sound] [Ideas and Inventions]

 

 

 

 Human Body - Grade 4

 

1. Foss web site on Human Body

URL: http://www.fossweb.com/modules3-6/HumanBody/index.html

2. Dog Skeleton
URL: http://www.specificbreeds.com/html/skeleton.html
Find out what a dog skeleton looks like and how it varies from one kind of dog to another. Can you count the number of bones in a dog skeleton?
Module: Human Body

3. How Stuff Works
URL: http://www.howstuffworks.com/
How Stuff Works is a great place to learn about the way all kinds of things function in the world. Learn about everything from guitars, to cruise missiles to the cells in your own body!
Module: Human Body

4. How Your Brain Works
URL: http://science.howstuffworks.com/brain.htm
Find out about the anatomy of your brain and how your brain works. This page from HowStuffWorks.com includes many illustrations.
Modules: Human Body, Models and Designs

5. Kennedy Space Center
URL: http://www.ksc.nasa.gov/ksc.html
This is the homepage for Kennedy Space Center.
Module: Human Body

6. KidsHealth.org
URL: http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/
Have you got questions about the human body? This is the place to find the answer.
Modules: Human Body, Food and Nutrition

7. Real-time Histogram
URL: http://www.explorescience.com/activities/Activity_page.cfm?ActivityID=17
This Shockwave activity allows you to collect data while clicking your mouse every two seconds and creates a histogram while you are clicking. You can then change the bin size, maximum y-value, and even edit the data.
Module: Human Body

8. The Birdhouse Network
URL: http://birds.cornell.edu/birdhouse/nestboxcam/CAarchive1_2004.html
Site contains movies and captioned images from a barn owl nest in Benicia, California. Hosted by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.
Modules: Human Body, Diversity of Life

9. Virtual Body
URL: http://www.medtropolis.com/vbody/
This interactive website lets you explore the human skeleton, heart, digestive system, and brain. You need Macromedia Shockwave to use the site.
Module: Human Body

10. What Are Taste Buds?
URL: http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/taste_buds.html
How exactly do your taste buds work? Find out this and more at KidsHealth.org.
Module: Human Body

11. Why Do I Shiver?
URL: http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/shiver.html
Find out why your body shivers at this KidsHealth.org website.
Module: Human Body

 

 

Earth Materials - Grade 4

 

1. Foss web site on Earth Materials

URL: http://www.fossweb.com/modules3-6/EarthMaterials/index.html

2. Cascades Volcanoes Images
URL: http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Photo/Volcanoes/framework.html
This site includes climate information for different countries.
Module: Earth Materials

3. Stone Tools
URL: http://www.geocities.com/knappersanonymous/
Knappers Anonymous is an online collection of notes, essays,and images from a wide range of sources -- all concerned with the topic of flintknapping. Learn about the history of stone tools and how to make them.
Module: Earth Materials

4. Association Of American State Geologists
URL: http://www.kgs.ukans.edu./AASG/
Includes links to websites and information from the various state geological surveys.
Modules: Pebbles, Sand and Silt, Earth Materials, Landforms, Earth History

5. Association of American State Geologists (AASG)
URL: http://www.kgs.ukans.edu./AASG/
Find out how to contact your state geological survey at this site. Many states have websites you can link to for more information.
Module: Earth Materials

6. Building Stones of our Nation's Capital
URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/stones/
This online booklet describes the source and appearance of many of the stones used in building Washington, D.C. The buildings have been constructed with rocks from quarries throughout the United States and many distant lands. Each building shows important features of various stones and the geologic environment in which they were formed.
Module: Earth Materials

7. Career Profiles: Association of Women Geoscientists
URL: http://www.awg.org/eas/profiles.html
This site from the Association of Women Geoscientists includes career information plus profiles of many women who have made geoscience a career.
Module: Earth Materials

8. Careers in the Geosciences
URL: http://guide.agiweb.org/employer/index.html
The American Geological Institute has included an online version of their pamphlet concerning earth science careers. It also includes addresses to connect with for more information.
Module: Earth Materials

9. Geology Fieldnotes: Carlsbad Caverns National Park
URL: http://www2.nature.nps.gov/grd/parks/cave/index.htm
Learn about the geologic history and environment of Carlsbad Caverns National Park in New Mexico. This site includes maps, a photo album, other links and resources, a glossary of terms, and teacher features.
Modules: Earth Materials, Earth History

10. Geology Fieldnotes: Mount Rushmore
URL: http://www2.nature.nps.gov/grd/parks/moru/index.htm
Learn about the geologic environment of the Mount Rushmore area at this National Park Service website. The site includes information about park geology, park maps, a photo album, links to other resources, visitor information, and a teacher feature.
Modules: Earth Materials, Earth History

11. Geology Fieldnotes: Yosemite National Park
URL: http://www2.nature.nps.gov/grd/parks/yose/index.htm
You can learn about the geologic history and natural environment about Yosemite National Park in California at this website. The site includes park geology, park maps, a photo album, selected links, visitor information, and a teacher feature.
Modules: Earth Materials, Earth History

12. Learning Web:U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.usgs.gov/education/
The Learning Web is a portion of the USGS web dedicated to K-12 education, exploration, and life-long learning. Explore things on, in, around, and about the Earth such as plants and animals, land, water, and maps. Learn how Biology, Geology, Hydrology, and Geography can help us understand our changing world.
Modules: Earth Materials, Landforms

13. Mineral Database
URL: http://www.mindat.org
Mindat.org is the largest mineral database on the Internet. It was started by Jolyon Ralph in 1993 as a PC mineralogy software package for his own use - and was launched for free on the web in October 2000. Currently there are 11,201 different minerals, varieties, and synonyms listed, and information on 164,151 mineral occurrences worldwide, from 31,135 different sites. You can even add your own mineral information and photos to the database.
Modules: Pebbles, Sand and Silt, Earth Materials, Earth History

14. Mineral Gallery
URL: http://www.theimage.com/mineral/minerals1.html
This commercial site includes images of a number of common and rare minerals with information about their properties.
Module: Earth Materials

15. Mineral Gallery: Mohs Hardness Scale
URL: http://mineral.galleries.com/minerals/hardness.htm
A good property in mineral identification is one that does not vary from specimen to specimen. In terms of reliability, hardness is one of the better physical properties for minerals. The Mohs Hardness Scale starting with talc at 1 and ending with diamond at 10, is universally used around the world as a way of distinguishing minerals. Specimens of the same mineral may vary slightly from one to another, but generally they are quite consistent. Inconsistencies occur when the specimen is impure, poorly crystallized, or actually an aggregate and not an individual crystal.
Modules: Earth Materials, Earth History

16. Minerals Image Index
URL: http://www.geology.wisc.edu/~museum/collections.html
You can download images of a variety of minerals at this site from the Geology Museum at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
Module: Earth Materials

17. Mohs Hardness Scale
URL: http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/geology/mohs.html&edu=elem
Mohs hardness is measured on a scale from 1 to 10 with softer minerals designated by low numbers and harder minerals designated by high numbers. The scale was developed about 200 years ago by Friedrich Mohs.
Modules: Earth Materials, Earth History

18. Natural Gemstones
URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/gemstones/
This pamphlet from the U.S. Geological Survey includes useful information and terms concerning natural gemstones. For example, a natural gemstone is a mineral, stone, or organic matter that can be cut and polished or otherwise treated for use as jewelry or other ornament. A precious gemstone has beauty, durability, and rarity, whereas a semiprecious gemstone has only one or two of these qualities. A gem is a gemstone that has been cut and polished.
Modules: Pebbles, Sand and Silt, Earth Materials, Earth History

19. Pilgrim Monument & Provincetown Museum
URL: http://www.pilgrim-monument.org/
The Pilgrim Monument is the tallest all-granite structure in the United States and is built entirely of granite from Stonington, Maine. The tower is 77 meters (252 feet 7-1/2 inches) high. The top of the Monument is 109 meters (353 feet) above sea level. This website describes the monument and Provincetown Museum in words and photographs.
Module: Earth Materials

20. Rock Around the World
URL: http://marsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/rockworld/
Mars scientists are asking students from around the world to help them understand the Red Planet. Send in a rock collected by you or your classroom from your region of the world, and they will use a special tool like the one on the Mars Rover to tell you what it is made of. Then everyone can compare their rocks to the ones found on Mars.
Modules: Pebbles, Sand and Silt, Earth Materials, Earth History, Planetary Science

21. Rock of Ages Granite Quarry, Vermont
URL: http://www.rockofages.com/quarry.htm
Founded in 1885, Rock of Ages has grown to include dozens of quarries producing the highest combined volume of dimensional granite in North America. From Barre Gray Granite, the finest gray granite available, to the unrivaled purity of Bethel White, Rock of Ages has very high standards for the granite it quarries and delivers.
Modules: Pebbles, Sand and Silt, Earth Materials, Earth History

22. Rockhounds Information Page
URL: http://www.rahul.net/infodyn/rockhounds/rockhounds.html
This site includes links to access to rock shops and galleries, images sites, general earth science information, collecting sites and field trips, and much more.
Module: Earth Materials

23. The Learning Web
URL: http://www.usgs.gov/education/
Explore things on, in, around, and about Earth, such as plants and animals, land, water, and maps. Shows how biology, geology, hydrology, and geography help us understand our changing world.
Modules: Pebbles, Sand and Silt, Earth Materials, Landforms, Earth History

24. U.S. National Parks Page
URL: http://www.us-national-parks.net/
Provides information on all U.S. national parks. Includes information that will be of assistance in planning a trip or obtaining data about a park.
Modules: Earth Materials, Landforms, Earth History

25. USGS
URL: http://www.usgs.gov
This is the site for the U.S. Geological Survey, a part of Department of Interior.
Module: Earth Materials

26. USGS Publications Online
URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/products/books/
Provides access to a variety of electronic documents from the U.S. Geological Survey. Includes the Geologic Time and Fossils, Rocks, and Time brochures.
Modules: Pebbles, Sand and Silt, Earth Materials, Landforms, Earth History

27. Women Who Walk Through Time
URL: http://www.mines.utah.edu/geo/about_ES/video/
Encourages young women to consider the earth sciences as a career. Includes a variety of activities, information, project ideas, and links related to earth science. A companion piece to the Women Who Walk through Time video.
Modules: Pebbles, Sand and Silt, Earth Materials, Landforms, Earth History

 

 

 

 Physics of Sound - Grade 4

 

1. Foss web site on Physics of Sound

URL: http://www.fossweb.com/modules3-6/PhysicsofSound/index.html

2. Chronology: Bell Labs

URL: http://www.att.com/attlabs/reputation/timeline/
Time line of technologies pioneered at AT&T’s Bell Laboratories, beginning with the telephone in 1876 and continuing through 1993. Covers such innovations as electronic recording, sound motion pictures, transatlantic telephone services, stereo recording, transistors, the solar cell, and cellular phones.
Modules: Magnetism and Electricity, Physics of Sound, Electronics

3. Cell Phones
URL: http://www.howstuffworks.com/framed.htm?parent=exp-db6.htm&url=http://beakman.com/interact/cellwin.html
Find out how cell phones work and play a game about keeping connected with your cell phone.
Module: Physics of Sound

4. How Cell Phones Work
URL: http://www.howstuffworks.com/cell-phone.htm
Find out how cell phones work in this How Stuff Works site.
Module: Physics of Sound

5. How Speakers Work
URL: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/speaker2.htm
Find out how a speaker (or headphone) translates electrical signals and translates them back into physical vibrations to create sound waves that you can hear.
Modules: Magnetism and Electricity, Physics of Sound

6. PlayMusic.org
URL: http://www.playmusic.org/
The American Symphony Orchestra League presents this site that includes Shockwave games that explore different sections in the orchestra. You can also listen to several musical selections that feature different musical instruments.
Module: Physics of Sound

7. Selmer Musical Instruments
URL: http://www.selmer.com/htdox/intro2.htm
This commercial site includes photos and information about many musical instruments.
Module: Physics of Sound

8. The Little Shop of Physics/Auditory Illusion
URL: http://littleshop.physics.colostate.edu/Auditory_Illusion.html
The Little Shop of Physics includes a couple of interactive activities at its Shockwave link dealing with auditory illusions and finding out what happens when you mix different sounds.
Module: Physics of Sound

9. Tryscience.org Field Trips
URL: http://www.tryscience.org/fieldtrips/fieldtrip_home.html
Use an interactive map of the world to find and explore a science and technology center or museum near you. You can also find online adventures and field trips, ideas for experiments at home, plus live webcams. TryScience.org is your gateway to experience the excitement of contemporary science and technology through on and offline interactivity with science and technology centers worldwide. TryScience is brought to you through a partnership between IBM Corporation, the New York Hall of Science (NYHOS), the Association of Science-Technology Centers (ASTC), and science centers worldwide.
Modules: Magnetism and Electricity, Measurement, Physics of Sound, Variables, Mixtures and Solutions, Ideas and Inventions, Models and Designs, Electronics, Force and Motion

10. What Causes a Sonic Boom?
URL: http://science.howstuffworks.com/question73.htm
Check out this How Stuff Works web page to find out what causes a sonic boom.
Module: Physics of Sound

 

 Ideas and Inventions - Grade 4

 

1. Foss web site on Ideas and Inventions

URL: http://www.fossweb.com/modules3-6/IdeasandInventions/index.html

2. Arthur Fry
URL: http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/story031.htm
This site is the Post-it Note story.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

3. Bette Nesmith
URL: http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/nesmith.html
This site is the story of Bette Nesmith, the woman who invented correction fluid for typing.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

4. Charles Goodyear
URL: http://www.goodyear.com/corporate/strange.html
This site is the story of how Charles Goodyear invented weatherproof rubber.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

5. How Airplanes Work
URL: http://travel.howstuffworks.com/airplane.htm
If you have ever wondered what allows a 747 -- or any airplane for that matter -- to fly, then read on! You will read about the theory of flight and talk about the different parts of a standard airplane, and more.
Modules: Variables, Levers and Pulleys, Ideas and Inventions, Models and Designs

6. How Do Rainbows Form?
URL: http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/fgz/science/rainbow.php
Find out how rainbows form on this colorful website from NOAA.
Modules: Air and Weather, Ideas and Inventions, Weather and Water

7. How Floppy Disk Drives Work
URL: http://computer.howstuffworks.com/floppy-disk-drive.htm
Learn more about what is inside a floppy disk drive and how it works.
Modules: Ideas and Inventions, Models and Designs

8. How Gliders Work
URL: http://travel.howstuffworks.com/glider.htm
From paper airplanes to the space shuttle during re-entry, there are many types of gliders. Find about the most common type of glider, often referred to as a sailplane.
Modules: Variables, Ideas and Inventions, Models and Designs

9. How Stuff Works
URL: http://www.howstuffworks.com/
How Stuff Works is a great place to learn about the way all kinds of things function in the world. Learn about everything from guitars, to cruise missiles to the cells in your own body!
Module: Ideas and Inventions

10. Hydrogen Fuel Cells
URL: http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa090299.htm?terms=hydrogen+car
Find out how hydrogen fuel cells work and where they can be used. Includes some historical events in the development of hydrogen fuel cells.
Modules: Ideas and Inventions, Models and Designs

11. Invent America!
URL: http://www.inventamerica.com/
INVENT AMERICA! is a nonprofit K-8 teacher-created program that helps kids learn by inenting.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

12. Invention Convention
URL: http://www.eduplace.com/science/invention/overview.html
The Invention Convention is an event that gives students an opportunity to demonstrate these skills independently as they invent a new product or process.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

13. Invention Dimension
URL: http://web.mit.edu/invent/invent-main.html
The Lemelson-MIT Program awards apprenticeships to deserving high school students who show special achievement. Also on the site are links to other Inventions sites and daily facts about different inventions.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

14. Inventor Hall of Fame
URL: http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/1_1_2_listing_inventor.asp?vAlpha=
This site is a list of inventors presented in alphabetical order. You can click on any name and get information about that inventor.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

15. Jan Matzelinger
URL: http://www.user.fast.net/~blc/xlhome9.htm
This site is a short biography of Jan Matzelinger who invented the machine to mass produce shoes.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

16. Kids Cafe: PatentCafe’s Space for Young Inventors
URL: http://kids.patentcafe.com/explore/competition.asp
This is a great resource for young inventors.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

17. Philo T. Farnsworth
URL: http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/56.html
This site is a short biography of Philo Farnsworth, the inventor of television.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

18. The Craftsman/NSTA Young Inventors Awards
URL: http://www.nsta.org/programs/craftsman/
Open to all students in grades 3–5 and 6–8 in the United States and the U.S. Territories, the Craftsman/NSTA Young Inventors Awards Program challenges students to use creativity and imagination along with science, technology, and mechanical ability to invent or modify a tool.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

19. Toshiba ExploraVision Awards
URL: http://www.toshiba.com/tai/exploravision/
A competition for all students in grades K-12, designed to encourage students to combine their imagination with their knowledge of science and technology to explore a vision of the future.
Module: Ideas and Inventions

20. Transistorized!
URL: http://www.pbs.org/transistor/album1/index.html
This brief introduction outlines personalities and organizations involved in the history of the transistor.
Modules: Magnetism and Electricity, Ideas and Inventions, Electronics

21. Tryscience.org Field Trips
URL: http://www.tryscience.org/fieldtrips/fieldtrip_home.html
Use an interactive map of the world to find and explore a science and technology center or museum near you. You can also find online adventures and field trips, ideas for experiments at home, plus live webcams. TryScience.org is your gateway to experience the excitement of contemporary science and technology through on and offline interactivity with science and technology centers worldwide. TryScience is brought to you through a partnership between IBM Corporation, the New York Hall of Science (NYHOS), the Association of Science-Technology Centers (ASTC), and science centers worldwide.
Modules: Magnetism and Electricity, Measurement, Physics of Sound, Variables, Mixtures and Solutions, Ideas and Inventions, Models and Designs, Electronics, Force and Motion

22. Waldo Semon
URL: http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/131.html
This site is a short biography of Waldo Semon who is the inventor of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) plastic.
Module: Ideas and Inventions


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